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基于生境变化的东洞庭湖典型食草雁类物种共存机制

批准号31600344 学科分类植物群落生态学 ( C030501 )
项目负责人邹业爱 负责人职称助理研究员 依托单位中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所
资助金额20.00
万元
项目类别青年科学基金项目 研究期限2017 年 01 月 01 日 至
2019 年 12 月 31 日
中文主题词食草雁类;物种共存;生境变化;零模型;东洞庭湖
英文主题词Herbivorous goose;Species co-occurrence;Habitat change;Null model;the East Dongting Lake

摘要

中文摘要 近年来,受全球气候变化及人类干扰(如三峡工程运行)等多方面因素影响,洞庭湖水文情势及湿地植被格局急剧改变,进而严重威胁越冬候鸟尤其是食草雁类物种共存。但目前生境变化条件下,洞庭湖典型食草雁类物种共存机制尚不明确。本项目拟以长江流域食草雁类的主要越冬地之一—东洞庭湖为研究区,以三种典型食草雁类豆雁、小白额雁和白额雁为研究对象,基于长时间序列的野外调查,结合宏观尺度的生境因子变化分析,阐明雁类物种共存的变化规律及其关键生境影响因子;基于粪便的食性变化分析,同时结合宏观-微观尺度耦合的关键生境因子(食物可利用性)变化的分析,阐明生境变化下的典型食草雁类物种共存机制,并通过野外控制实验模拟对其机制进行验证。最后综合上述研究结果,系统揭示生境变化下的东洞庭湖典型食草雁类物种共存机制。以期为洞庭湖乃至长江流域冬候鸟的保护和湿地生态系统管理提供科学依据。
英文摘要 In recent years, changes in the species co-occurrence of wintering waterbirds, especially the dominant species herbivorous geese, was seriously affected by the dramatic changes in the hydrological regime and the wetland vegetation patterns in the East Dongting Lake due to the global change and high-intensity of human disturbance (e.g. Three Gorges Project). However, studies on the driving mechanism of the co-occurrence of herbivorous geese in relation to their habitat changes are scares, especially in the East Dongting Lake. In this project, the co-occurrence of herbivorous geese with their habitat driving mechanism was studied in the East Dongting Lake. The contents of this project are as following: firstly, changes in the co-occurrence of herbivorous geese as well as their key influencing habitat factors were analyzed with historical and field survey data; secondly, the habitat driving mechanism of the co-occurrence of the herbivorous geese was examined by food niche and food availability analysis. Furthermore, the driving mechanism of the species co-occurrence was verified by simulating experiments. The objective of our study was to improve our understanding on the driving mechanism of the co-occurrence of herbivorous geese in relation to their habitat changes in the East Dongting Lake, and to promote the development of wetland management strategies for protecting wintering waterbirds in the East Dongting Lake as well as the middle Yangtze River floodplains.
结题摘要

成果

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